Septoplasty and turbinate reduction are essentially surgical procedures that can be used to address a variety of ailment that obstruct the nasal passages, by enhancing the passage of air via the nose. These conditions can include long-term sinusitis, and nasal polyps, as well as other reversible causes such as allergies, infections, changes in weather, stress, medications, and hormonal changes. These surgical treatments are also be recommended by a nose surgeon in Sydney for medical conditions that are not easily reversible, such as chronic infections, severe allergies, and anatomical complications of the nose.
Difference between Septoplasty and Turbinate Reduction
Septoplasty is the surgical treatment that is used to rectify a deviated septum, which is the wall made of osteo tissue and cartilaginous tissue that divides the nose into two separate nostrils. Some have a congenital deviated septum, which means they are born with it. But some struggle from a deviated septum when the septum moves to either side of the nose, due to an injury, causing one nasal passage to be much narrower than the other side. This displacement of the septum causes breathing difficulties, nosebleeds, and pain in the facial muscles. Hence, a septoplasty is necessary to address the deviated septum by aligning the septum in a straight line so as to permit smooth inhalation and exhalation through the nose.
Turbinates are bone structures inside the nasal passages that are responsible for warming and humidifying the inhaled air by passing the air over warm blood vessels, so that cold air doesn’t enter the lung. However, these turbinates can get enlarged and impede the airflow in the nose by compressing the turbinates, resulting in sleep-related complications such as sleep apnea, post-nasal drip, nasal congestion, and breathing difficulties.
Specifically, a septoplasty is performed prior to a turbinate reduction, and these procedures are about one of the most common surgical procedures done in the U.S. by ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctors.