Surgical Handpiece For Kids: How Should I Choose Mine?

surgical handpiece

One of the tools and equipment that dentists and other dental professionals invest in is a reliable surgical handpiece. A dental handpiece is one of the most used elements in dentistry whether you are dealing with kids or adults.  When you are starting your own dental practice, you would want to be able to choose the best instruments, tools, and machines that would complement your expertise and knowledge. A surgery handpiece is like another hand of the oral surgeon that makes sure that the procedure gets accurately and safely performed. Let us discover how a dental professional should choose a suitable surgical handpiece that would fit his services and practice.

Things to consider when choosing a surgical handpiece

When it comes to acquiring a surgical dental handpiece, there are 4 important aspects of a handpiece that you should put into consideration.


Propulsion or turbine type

Air propulsion. This type has a micro-air motor or turbine trigger the handpiece so it can transmit power through a rotor on which the compressed air acts. A propulsion system reaches a maximum speed of 25,000 revolutions per minute (rpm).

Electric propulsion. An electric motor can reach a speed of up to 40,000 rpm. Unlike compressed air, it permits almost a constant speed that is not dependent on the load. This gives the option of contacting the cutter, for instance, with the tooth or the artificial crown during a dental procedure without dropping the cutting speed.


Surgical handpiece: With or without light?

In any dental treatment, good lighting is essential. As a result, some brand makers have included the use of LED lighting to the handpieces available in the market, a major advancement in the dental world. The handpieces with lighting are understandably more expensive than the models without incorporated light, but they greatly assist the work of the dentist.


The size of the head

dental surgical handpieceFor a surgical handpiece, the size of the head is a very important factor because the types of procedures and the connections depend on it. A handpiece has a particular link on the head and dental burs from other rotating tools. Instruments such as turbines or contra-angles may not be compatible with the handpiece.

On the other hand, smaller heads will provide better access and visibility in the field of dental surgery. When deciding to buy a specific head, it is important to take into consideration the length of the instrument.  For instance, if you work in pediatric dentistry, you will have to work with small instruments that would complement their small mouths.


Cleaning and maintenance

Never underestimate the importance of hygiene and sanitation on your dental practice. All hygiene requirements include all instruments and handpieces, turbines, or motors to be sterilized after each patient. Because of this, it’s very important the instruments can be pieced apart very easily and fast so that the dental practitioner would not lose unnecessary time and effort. This is also to help him devote enough time and attention to the management of the clinic.


Handpieces provide dental professionals with an all-purpose and essential tool to successfully perform accurate and efficient dental treatments. The development of high-speed handpieces increased functionality, precision, and ergonomics, benefiting patients and operators. When selecting an appropriate handpiece for a dental practice, ideal torque power, bur concentricity, noise, warranty length, price, and price of the repair all contribute to selecting the right tool. Although a variety of handpieces are available, find one that represents an ideal tool for cost-effective, efficient, and precise dentistry. We hope all of these tips will help you in the difficult task of choosing the most appropriate handpiece.

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